Friday, October 31, 2008


it`s respecfully informed to all students of grade X -1 , referring to the assignment of creating " procedure Text " I give, because My Email has expired so all your works can`t be sent,that is why, you should resend to the same email-address.

Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Car plunges off 8th floor parking lot, one killed

JAKARTA (JP): A man has died after the car he was driving plunged from the eighth floor of a high-rise parking lot in South Jakarta on Tuesday.

Heryawan, 42, accidentally backed his car through the steel fence of the parking lot. He was killed almost instantly.

The incident happened at around 10:30 a.m. after Heryawan had dropped his employer at a meeting in the Menara Jamsostek building on Jl. Gatot Subroto.

The victim, a resident of Pesanggrahan, South Jakarta, had worked as a driver for an insurance agency for 15 years.

The car fell on the passenger side of a moving vehicle, before hitting the ground upside down.

The two people inside the car it hit sustained only minor injuries.

Last year, two similar accidents took place at the Permata Hijau International Trade Center in Kebayoran Lama, South Jakarta.

Thursday, December 6, 2007


Indonesia at health risk in climate change

JAKARTA (JP):The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) warned Wednesday that Indonesia could expect more frequent and severe outbreaks of dengue fever and diarrhea as a result of global warming.

"A recent rise in dengue fever cases during the rainy season in Indonesia may be caused by extreme changes in precipitation patterns and warming temperatures," WWF-Indonesia's program director for climate and energy, Fitrian Ardiansyah told a mediagathering Wednesday.

"Bogor in West Java, for instance, recently recorded a significant increase in the number of dengue fever patients, which was previously not the case."

In addition to the impact of global warming on human health in Indonesia, WWF's report, titled Change in Indonesia - Implications for Humans and Nature, shows that climate change has also affected the country's overall water availability, sea levels, biodiversity and ecosystem.

A study conducted by WWF-Indonesia on Lombok Island, for instance, revealed that there was a disturbance to the island's ecosystem and functions, including a significant reduction in the amount of available spring water.

According to WWF-Indonesia's executive director and CEO, Mubariq Ahmad, because climate change's impacts are already noticeable in Indonesia, the country should lead the way in the fight against global warming.

"Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation in the world and home to a staggering amount of biodiversity on this planet. The government must take its role seriously and lead the way," he said.

Friday, November 30, 2007

myspace codes
Myspace Codes:

myspace codes
Myspace Codes:


Wednesday, August 1, 2007


HAI SMABHAONE...............

Being informed to all beloved students of Bhayangkari School (smabhaone)N`also for all
in order to make good relationship berween US, U can send a message,comment, or maybe inner voice
FOR me , Mr. Nasrul

Thursday, June 7, 2007

Passive Voice in tutorial

Normal sentences in English are in active voice.

Bill kicked the ball .

In active sentences the subject of the sentence is the actor of the verb or the doer of the action. In the above sentence, the subject Bill is the actor of the verb or the one who kicked the ball. The direct object the ball is the receiver of the verb action.

In passive sentences the subject of the sentence is the receiver of the action.

The ball was kicked by Bill .

In the above sentence, the ball is the receiver of the action and is the subject of the sentence. Bill, the actor of the verb is now the object of the preposition by.

To form a passive sentence from an active sentence, we move the receiver of the action from the direct object position of the sentence to the subject position of the sentence. We insert the verb BE in agreement in number with the new subject and in the appropriate tense. We change the verb to its past participle form. The actor of the verb can be placed in the object position after the preposition by . Placing the actor of the verb in the sentence is optional and generally only done when it is important to do so.

The boys ate the pie
The pie was eaten (by the boys).


Active Voice

Passive Voice
Present The boys eat the pie. The pie is eaten by the boys
Present progressive The boys are eating the pie

The pie is being eaten by the boys
Present perfect The boys have eaten the pie The pie has been eaten by the boys
Past The boys ate the pie The pie was eaten by the boys
Past progressive The boys were eating the pie The pie was being eaten by the boys
Past perfect The boys had eaten the pie The pie had been eaten by the boys
Future The boys will eat the pie The pie will be eaten by the boys
The boys are going to eat the pie. The pie is going to be eaten by the boys
Future perfect The boys will have eaten the pie The pie will have been eaten by the boys
The passive voice can also be used with modals
Present modal The boys can eat the pie The pie can be eaten by the boys
Past modal The boys could have eaten the pie The pie could have been eaten by the boys

Uses of the passive. Why do we use passive sentences?

• We use the passive voice when the receiver of the action is more important in our communication than the one who did it (the actor of the verb).
The president was assassinated this morning .

• We can use the passive when we don't know who did the action.
The bank was robbed yesterday.

• We use the passive when we don't need to say who did the action.
The bill was signed into law at noon.

• We can use the passive to avoid saying who did the action.
The employees were laid off just before the holidays.


Some verbs cannot be used in the passive form. Verbs which do not take objects, intransitive verbs, cannot be used to form passive sentences.
Some examples of common intransitive verbs.
come die go happen itch occur rain rise walk

Should technology training be mandatory for teachers?

Most teachers believe that computers are beneficial in the classroom in terms of improving academic performance, motivation, and interest. Many also see the value in training. Surveys have consistently shown that there is a strong correlation between the number of hours of computer training teachers have had and their views on the benefits of computers. Our institution provides numerous opportunities to participate

in various training sessions. However, should such training be mandatory? What should such training involve? Personally, I think as teachers we should be required to have a minimum set of skills and then be required to participate in additional workshops at least once or twice a year. My main reason for saying that is because while some of us do implement technology to teach skills or strengthen the presentation of a lesson, I question if we are using it to its full potential. I would like to know how to use it effectively when teaching a specific type of skill or lesson – not just in the form of a standard web page, PowerPoint presentation, word processing, or the available interactive exercises on the web. Don’t get me wrong. There is great value in the above. Some very good quality materials are available or are created by innovative teachers. However, I strongly support mandatory training in this area as part of our professional development. I’m all for training but the right kind of training. If you’ve participated in helpful workshops or have ideas for incorporating technology beyond these means for facilitating language development or literacy, let us know.

Friday, May 11, 2007

Immigrants Suffer from Losing Their Identity by Howard Kim

Language is a way to communicate with each other. We started to learn language when we were born. However, people are used to speaking their native language, so immigrants are having many problems between the first generation and the second generation because they don't have the same native language. Also, the second generation is losing their identity. Especially in

America, there are many immigrants that came from different countries to succeed in the States. Because they suffer in lots of areas such as getting a job and trying to speak English, they want their children to speak English, not only at school, but also at home in order to be more successful. Because of this situation, their children are losing their ethnic identity and, even more, they are ignoring their parents whose English is not very good.

For example, my aunt, who has been living in Chicago for fifteen years, has three children and they were all born in the States. The eighteen year old daughter speaks English as a native language and she speaks Korean very well too. She has no problems talking with her parents, but she still doesn't understand Korean jokes, and there are sometimes misunderstandings. The second daughter is fourteen years old, and she doesn't want to speak Korean. My aunt often gets upset with her because she is very Americanized and they cannot understand each other. Even when my aunt punishes her, this daughter does not understand what my aunt is talking about. I felt sympathy for my aunt whenever my fourteen year old cousin said, "Mom, what is your problem?" The third child is a twelve year old son. He speaks English to his parents and my aunt speaks Korean to him as she does to the second daughter. He also has a problem communicating with his parents. My aunt is trying to teach him to speak both languages very well, but it is very hard for him because he speaks English all day and does not understand why he should learn to speak Korean.

I think most immigrants are trying to preserve their native language in their new country, but this doesn't help very much in getting a good job. My aunt didn't teach Korean to her children in order to help them succeed in the U.S.; she did so, hopefully, to help them establish a Korean identity. Though the second generation is born in the new country, they often get confused about their identity because they look different from others, and also, if they visit their parent's country, they will probably feel different from other people there too. My cousins told me that when they visited Korea a few years ago, they felt different from other Koreans. They could even feel it just strolling around the street because they wore different clothes and walked differently.

We must realize that language is important and valuable for many reasons. Immigrants should make an effort not to be ignored by their children and to make their children understand their heritage by teaching them the parents' language. This is very important, not only for the harmony of the family, but also in helping the second generation establish their identity.

1 Look at the title and scan the article quickly. What do you think this article will be about?
Learning a second language.
Immigrants who become sick in the U.S.
Language and its effect on the identity of immigrants.
Schools attended by immigrants to the U.S.

2 Which of these statements is NOT true according to the first paragraph of the article?
Second generation immigrants are usually eager to learn their parents' native language.
It is often hard for first and second generation family members to communicate with each other.
Because second generation immigrant children often speak only English, they may lose their ethnic identity.
Sometimes second generation immigrant children ignore their parents because of language differences.

3 Which of the following is NOT true about the 18 year old daughter?
She was born in the U.S.
She speaks only English very well; her Korean is poor.
She gets along better with her parents than her brother and other sister do.
She doesn't understand Korean jokes well.

4 Which is NOT a reason that the 14 year old sister has problems with her mother?
She doesn't want to speak Korean.
She doesn't love her mother.
She is very Americanized.
She does not understand her mother when she gets punished.

5 To whom does the mother speak Korean?
Her oldest daughter only.
All of her children.
Her two daughters only.
Only to her son.

6 Why did the author's aunt try to teach her children to speak Korean?
To help them succeed in the U.S.
To help them find a good job.
To help them establish a Korean identity.
To help her improve her Korean language skills.
None of the above.
7 There are many reasons that second generation immigrants may get confused about their identity. Which of the following is NOT found in the article?
Their American friends may not see them as Korean -Americans
They look different than most of their friends in the U.S.
If they travel to Korea they wear different clothes than the Koreans.
If they visit Korea, they even walk differently than the Koreans.

8 Which of the following is closest to the main idea of this article?
Second generation Korean-Americans walk and dress differently than their parents.
Many immigrant families have problems with communication.
The language spoken in immigrant households is often a mixture of two languages.
Second generation Korean immigrants often speak only English.
Teaching immigrant children the parents' native language helps them establish their ethnic identity.

Adjective Clauses

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and a dependent clause. Example: The television was playing (independent clause which can stand alone and make sense) as I left the room (dependent clause which must be attached to the independent clause to make sense). There are three kinds of dependent clauses: adjective clause, adverb clause and noun clause.

The adjective clause is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. It will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whose, whom, which, and that) or a subordinate conjunction (when and where). Those are the only words that can be used to introduce an adjective clause. The introductory word will always rename the word that it follows and modifies except when used with a preposition which will come between the introductory word and the word it renames. Examples: The student whose hand was up gave the wrong answer. Whose hand was up is the adjective clause with whose, the relative pronoun, renaming and modifying student. Jane is a person in whom I can place my confidence. In whom I can place my confidence is the adjective clause with whom, the relative pronoun, with the preposition in between it and person, the word that whom renames and modifies.

Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.

1. I play a kind of music that nobody likes.

2. The man whom you saw was not the famous actor.

3. I remember the day when I took my first airplane ride.

4. I have a neighbor whose parents live in Australia.

5. The hint that I learned about cleaning the walk saved me much work.

Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.

1. The singer that you see on stage is my sister.

2. The owner is a woman by whom many things have been accomplished.

3. The teacher who gives the girls piano lessons lives next door.

4. The man whose leg was broken was taken to the hospital.

5. This is the place where the Donner Party perished.

Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.

1. The ride that we rode at the amusement park was very scary.

2. Here is the place where the plane wrecked.

3. The diamond in that ring that Mark bought was gigantic.

4. The dress that the Queen is wearing weighs fifty pounds.

5. The student whose hand was raised shouted out the answer.
Find the adjective clause in the following sentences and tell which word it modifies.

1. Will you thaw the pizza that is in the freezer?

2. I am looking for the person who owns this car.

3. I remember well the time when I broke my leg.

4. I want to ride a horse which is very tame.

5. We must find a person whose honesty is above reproach.

Wednesday, May 9, 2007

Conditional sentences: mixed exercise

Choose the correct answer

1 If people were a little more tolerant ...
our world would have been a better place.
our world would be a better place.
our world will be a better place.

2 If my father had locked his car properly ...
his car would never have been stolen.
his car will not be stolen.
his car would not be stolen.

3 If the ozone layer peels off a little more we ...
we ran a much higher risk of attracting skin cancer.
would run a much higher risk of attracting skin cancer.
will run a much higher risk of attracting skin cancer.

4 I would never feel comfortable on a plane if ...
I know it's the pilot's maiden trip.
I knew it's the pilot's maiden trip.
I would know that it's the pilot's maiden trip.

5 A dog will never bite you if ...
you will look it straight in the eyes, I'm told.
you look it straight in the eyes, I'm told.
you looked it straight in the eyes, I'm told.

6 The first thing I will do is drive to Spain if ...
I would get my driving licence.
I got my driving licence.
I get my driving licence.

7 If John hadn't responded in such an aggressive manner he ...
would never have a black eye.
won't have a black eye.
would never have had a black eye.

The passive

Complete the following sentences with a correct passive construction.

1. They will have to rebuild the entire front of the prototype.
2. Nobody has ever called me 'Honeypop'!
3. I haven't decided on anything yet.
4. Someone had told me that the road works caused delays.
5. People sometimes say that every cloud has a silver lining.

1. We require suitable candidates to be bilingual.

2. The Chairman of the Board asked the Managing Director to remain in charge for another year.

3. The entire press corps is interviewing him right now.
He right now.
4. They must have stolen the painting between 2 and 3 A.M.

5.Didn't anyone tell you to wear a jacket and tie in the restaurant ?

tag questions

In this exercise you have to add a tag question to the sentences given.
If you don't know what a tag question is, hop over to the first exercise. Good luck!

1. Gerald raised the boy as his own son, ?
2. He won't make any trouble, ?
3. Jimmy should have known better, ?

4. People still enjoy the Beatles' songs, ?
5. I am late already, ?
6. You woke up with a cold, Helen?
7. You didn't leave the gas on, ?
8. If John leaves, we 'll be in trouble, ?
9. Nobody is indispensible, ?
10. There's hardly anything that you can do, ?

1. Eventually, everything will turn out fine, ?
2. If paradise exists, this must be it, ?
3. Now it won't be long before we meet again, ?
4. David usually goes on foot, ?
5. Either way, we kept in touch when we were abroad, ?
6. Naturally, the aim is to enjoy our time together, ?
7. Veronica keeps a diary, ?
8. Helen has just finished reading a novel about an English family trying to settle down in Italy, ?
9. Music often determines one's mood, ?